VOLUME VI - VICTORY OF THE PAPACY
PLANNED BY THE LATE J. B. BURY, M.A., F.B.A.
J. R. TANNER, LITT. D.
C. W. PRÉVITE-ORTON, LITT. D., F.B.A.
Z. N. BROOKE, LITT. D.
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS
CH. I - INNOCENT III.
Innocent III's election
Lawyer and political theorist
The Petrine authority
Innocent's reservations in temporal matters
The Papal universality
Rome and Italy
Innocent gets control of the government of Rome
The Hohenstaufen evicted from Italy
The opposition of Markward
The struggle for Sicily
The Papal territories defined
The Fourth Crusade
The organisation of the Latin Church
Greek opposition and financial difficulties
The growth of heresy in the West
Its hold upon the Balkans and Italy
The problem of Southern France
The Crusade proclaimed
The legates and Innocent
Innocent and the elder Simon de Montfort
Relations with temporal powers
Innocent and Norway
The Spanish kingdoms
The Papal Chancery
The court of Rome
The process of Gerald of Wales
Innocent and the Canon Law
Innocent and elections
Synodal and capitular activity
Taxation of the clergy by the laity
Spiritual control and temporal power.
CH. II - PHILIP OF SWABIA AND OTTO IV.
CH. III - GERMANY IN THE REIGN OF FREDERICK II.
CH. IV - THE INTERREGNUM IN GERMANY.
CH. V - ITALY AND SICILY UNDER FREDERICK II.
CH. VI. - ITALY, 1250-1290.
The effect of Frederick II's death in Italy
The plans of Innocent IV
Conrad IV in Italy
Innocent's lack of success
Guelph victories in Tuscany
Innocent IV seeks a foreign champion
Death of Conrad IV
Innocent IV invades the Regno
His defeat and death
Election of Alexander IV
Manfred's victory. He becomes king.
His intervention in North Italy
The Popolo and the Signore
Ezzelin and his fall
The republics of Genoa and Florence
The battle of Montaperto (1260)
Urban IV and Charles of Anjou
Characters of Charles and Manfred
Charles invades Italy
Papalist ascendancy. Charles in the Regno.
Charles paciarius of Tuscany
Defeat and death of Conradin
Charles' Eastern schemes and predominance in Italy
The Tunisian Crusade
Pope Gregory X
Rudolf of Habsburg
Council of Lyons and Reunion
Reduction of Charles' power
Pope Nicholas III
Cession of the Romagna. Fall of the Toriani at Milan.
Nicholas and central Italy
Pope Martin IV. Breach with the Greeks
The Sicilian Vespers
Peter of Aragon, King of Sicily
Capture of Charles the Lame. Death of Charles I
The war of the Vespers continues
The Papal State. The Tuscan Guelf League
The fall of Pisa. William VII of Montferrat
The Houses of Visconti and Este
CH. VII - ENGLAND: RICHARD AND JOHN.
The ascension of Richard I
Plans for the government during his absence on Crusade
Count John and William Longehamp
The question of the succession
The fall of Longehamp
Effect of Richard's captivity
John's disloyalty and Richard's return
The Council at Nottingham. The ransom.
Hubert Walter. His power as judiciar
The new taxation
The problem of a long-service army
Society and administration
The barons: the new generation
The character of King John
The development of administrative records
The Curia Regis. Chamber and wardrobe
Differentiation within the Curia Regis.
The importance of the Exchequer
Administration of justice
Power of the Crown. Taxation
The administrative unity of England
Local cooperation in the work of administration
The use of methods of representation
The growth of trade
The death of Hubert Walter
The disputed election and the appeal to Rome
The interdict. Stephen Langton's views.
Ecclesiastical property during the interdict
The effect of the interdict.
Relations with Scotland
Relations with Wales and Ireland
The expedition to Poitou
Antecedents of the Charter
The refusal of foreign service
The barons and London
The Great Charter
The king's supporters. The mercenaries
The archbishop and the Charter
The invitation to Louis of France
The civil war. John's death
CH. VIII - ENGLAND: HENRY III.
Importance of the reign
The war against Louis
Defeat of the French
The government during the minority
The problem of the castles
Faukes de Breaute
The loss of Poitou
Attitude of the Judiciar towards Poitou
The Judiciar's influence undermined
Henry's experiment in centralisation
Character of Henry III
The artist king
Henry and the Papacy
Constitutional results. New type of minister
The grievances in 1258
The growth of administration
Rise of the professional sheriff: his maladministration
Private jurisdiction. Bracton and English law.
The rise of a middle element
The Provisions of Oxford and local reform
The Provisions of 1259. Council and King
Rise of Simon de Montfort
The battle of Evesham
Results of the struggle
The Peace of Paris
CH. IX - THE REIGNS OF PHILIP AUGUSTUS AND LOUIS VIII OF FRANCE.
Character of Philip Augustus
His first marriage
His second wife, Ingeborg of Denmark
The quarrel with the Papacy. The interdict
Agnes of Meran and her children
Effect and scope of the interdict
The early years of the reign
Relations with Flanders
The succession to Vermandois
France and the House of Anjou
The Angevin Empire in 1180
Administrative unity in Henry II's empire.
The administration of Normandy
The younger Henry and Aquitaine
The rebellion of 1182
Richard in Aquitaine
Outbreak of hostilities between Philip and Henry
Death of Henry II
Philip and Richard during the Crusade
War and negotiations in Normandy
The position of the rivals
King John's accession
John's quarrel with the house of Lusignan
John condemned by the French Court
John and Arthur of Brittany
The conquest of Normandy
John's campaign in Poitou (1206)
Philip's attitude to the German kingdom
His attitude to the Albigensian Crusade
Philip and Renaud of Dammartin
John's system of alliances
Destruction of Philip's fleet
The Emperor Otto and King John
The battle of Bouvines (1214)
The truce of Chinon
The reign of Louis VIII
Philip and the south of France
Louis VIII and Toulouse
Philip's achievement. The Carolingian tradition
Philip and feudal relations
The development of the Curia Regis
The central administration. The registers
The baillis. Philip's treasure
War and finance
The growth of Paris
CH. X - SAINT LOUIS
CH. XI - THE SCANDANAVIAN KINGDOMS UNTIL THE END OF THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY.
CH. XII - SPAIN, 1234-1248.
CH. XIII - (A) BOHEMIA TO THE EXTINCTION OF THE PREMYSLIDS.
(B) POLAND, 1050-1303.
(C) HUNGARY, 1000-1301.
CH. XIV - COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN THE MIDDLE AGES.
CH. XV - NORTHERN TOWNS AND THEIR COMMERCE.
CH. XVI - THE DEVELOPMENT OF ECCLESIASTICAL ORGANISATION AND ITS FINANCIAL BASIS.
CH. XVII - THE MEDIEVAL UNIVERSITIES
CH. XVIII - POLITICAL THEORY TO 1300.
CH. XIX - MEDIEVAL DOCTRINE TO THE LATERAN COUNCIL OF 1215.
Ch. XX - HERESIES AND THE INQUISITION IN THE MIDDLE AGES, c. 1000-1305.
CH. XXI - THE MENDICANT ORDERS.
CH. XXII - ECCLESIASTICAL ARCHITECTURE.
(B) MILITARY ARCHITECTURE
CH. XXIII - THE ART OF WAR TO 1400.
CH. XXIV - CHIVALRY
CH. XXV - LEGENDARY CYCLES OF THE MIDDLES AGES.
List of Abbreviations of Titles of Periodicals, Societies, etc.
Chronological Table of Leading Events mentioned in this Volume.
[ Main Contents | VOLUME VII ]